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A. LEGISLATION AND RULES A.1 No legislative amendments to the IAA or AA in Singapore International arbitration continues to be governed by the International Arbitration Act (IAA), the Arbitration Act (AA) and the Arbitration (International Investment Disputes) Act. Apart from consequential amendments to remove references to the Reciprocal Enforcement of Commonwealth Judgments Act (RECJA) in the IAA following the RECJA’s repeal in Singapore, there have been no legislative amendments in the past year. A.2 Institutions,…

A. LEGISLATION AND RULES A.1 Legislation A.1.1 Hong Kong adopts restrictive state immunity doctrine State immunity is a fundamental rule of customary international law, which originates in the historical notion that a sovereign cannot be sued in the courts of its own country or of a foreign country. By the State Immunity (Overseas Territories) Order 1979, the United Kingdom extended the ambit of its State Immunity Act 1978 to Hong Kong, which adopted a restrictive…

A. LEGISLATION AND RULES A.1 Legislation Enacted in 2004, Republic Act No. (RA) 9285, or the Alternative Dispute Resolution Act (ADR Act), continues to be the principal governing arbitration law in the Philippines. It adopted the 1985 version of the UNCITRAL Model Law for international arbitrations seated in the Philippines and expressly recognized the application of the New York Convention (to which the Philippines acceded in 1967). The ADR Act has not been amended since…

A. LEGISLATION AND RULES A.1 Legislation The Indian Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 (“Arbitration Act”) is the primary legislation governing arbitration in India. The Arbitration Act has undergone several amendments in recent years, primarily focusing on enhancing the commercial arbitration ecosystem in India and establishing an institutional arbitration program beneficial for both domestic and international stakeholders. In the past year, there have been no legislative amendments to the Arbitration, except for Part III of the Arbitration…